ELECTORAL COLLEGE IN USA 

On 9th November the most awited results of USA Presidential Elections results were announced on which the whole world had eye on.

The Republican Party nominee businessman Donald Trump ,and his running mate , Governor of Indiana Mike Pence,defeated the  Democratic Party nominee , Secretary of State and former Senator Hillary Clinton,and her running mate ,Senator  Tim Kaine of  Virginia


The results were in favour of Mr .Donald Trump . As soon as results were announced protests against Mr.Trump started in many parts of USA.

As Mr.Trump has policies which are not liked by people of America.Some of these include the construction of wall between Mexico and Usa which he tells the money will be given by Mexico , he does not support LGBTQ  rights .

On the contrary Mrs.Clinton supports LGBTQ rights and also supports women and minority hiring.

Historically when the world has witnessed strong national women leaders like Indira Gandhi ,Margraet Thatcher ,Angela Merkel the United States with is histrory of 44 male presidents is yet to have its female president.

The major role in Mr.Trumps victory is electoral college .

What is electoral college ?

The United States Electoral College  is a body that elect the President and Vice Presient every four years .Citizens don’t directly elect the President and Vice President instead they choose “electors” who pledge to vote for a candidate of a particular party.
Each state gets to choose as many electors as combined total of the number of senators and representative.The District of Columbia gets three electors others get depending on their population .There are currently 538 electors corrosponding to  435 representatives and 100 senators in the House of Reprsentative and Senate plus three electors from District of Columbia.

A candidate who receives majority of electoral vote is elected as President or Vice President . A candidate should get atleast 270 elecctoral votes  to win the election.Mr .Trump got 306 electoral votes while Mrs. Clinton got 232 electoral votes .

What if no one gets majoriy?

If no candiate receives a majority of Electoral votes ,the House of Representative selects President from the three Presidential Candidates who received more electoral votes .Each state deligation has one vote.

 But there could still be a tie .

Ofcourse there could be tie in the election of President and Vice President then 12th Amendment comes in rescue.This amendtment states that if the House has ,for any reason ,failed to select a new President by Inaugurqtion Day, the vice -president elect serves as acting president until the issue is resolved in the House.House keeps on voting until the tie breakes.

If senate has failed to break 50-50 tie for vice president,the the Speaker of House will serve as acting president until tie votes in both the house and senate have been broken.

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